Kia Soul: Repair procedures - Fuel Delivery System - Engine Control / Fuel System - Kia Soul 2014-2018 PS Service ManualKia Soul: Repair procedures

Second generation PS (2014-2018) / Kia Soul 2014-2018 PS Service Manual / Engine Control / Fuel System / Fuel Delivery System / Repair procedures

Fuel Pressure Test (Low pressure system)

1. Release the residual pressure in fuel line (Refer to the Fuel Delivery System - Repair Procedures - "Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line").
  
 
When removing the fuel pump relay, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) may occur. Delete the code with the GDS after completion of “Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line” work.
2. Install the Special Service Tool (SST).
(1) Disconnect the low pressure fuel feed tube from the low pressure inlet of high pressure fuel pump.
  
 
There may be some residual pressure even after “Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line” work, so cover the hose connection with a shop towel to prevent residual fuel from spilling out before disconnecting any fuel connection.
(2) Install the special service tool for measuring the fuel pressure in between the low fuel feed tube and the low pressure inlet of high pressure fuel pump (Refer to the figure below).

3. Inspect fuel leakage on connections among the low fuel feed tube, the low pressure inlet of high pressure fuel pump, and the SST components with IG ON.
4. Measure Fuel Pressure.
(1) Start the engine and measure the fuel pressure at idle.
Fuel Pressure: 480 ~ 520 kPa (4.89 ~ 5.30 kgf/cm², 69.6 ~ 75.4 psi)
  
 
If the fuel pressure differs from the standard value, repair or replace the related part (Refer to the table below).
 
Fuel
Pressure
Cause Related Part
Too Low Fuel filter clogged Fuel Filter
Fuel leakage Fuel Pressure Regulator
Too High Fuel pressure regulator stuck Fuel Pressure Regulator
(2) Stop the engine, and then check for the change in the fuel pressure gauge reading.
Standard Value: The gauge reading should hold for about 5 minutes after the engine stops
  
 
If the gauge reading should not be held, repair or replace the related part (Refer to the table below).
 
Fuel Pressure
(After Engine Stops)
Cause Related
Part
Fuel Pressure Drops Slowly Leakage on injector Injector
Fuel Pressure Drops Immediately Check valve of fuel pump stuck open Fuel Pump
(3) Turn the ignition switch OFF.
5. Release the residual pressure in fuel line (Refer to the Fuel Delivery System - Repair Procedures - "Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line").
  
 
When removing the fuel pump relay, a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) may occur. Delete the code with the GDS after completion of “Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line” work.
6. Test End
(1) Remove the Special Service Tool (SST) from the low pressure fuel feed tube and the low pressure inlet of high pressure fuel pump.
(2) Connect the low pressure fuel feed tube and the low pressure inlet of high pressure fuel pump.

Release Residual Pressure in Fuel Line

  
 
Whenever the high pressure fuel pump, fuel pipe, delivery pipe, or injector is removed immediately after shutting off the engine, an injury may be caused by the release of highly pressurized fuel. Release the residual pressure in the high pressure fuel line by referring to the "Residual fuel pressure release procedure" below before removing any high pressure fuel system components.  
  
 
Wear safety glasses and fuel resistant gloves.  
1. Turn the ignition off and disconnect the battery negative cable.
2. Remove the fuel pump fuse (A).

3. Disconnect the electrical connector from the high pressure fuel pump.
4. Reconnect the battery negative cable.
5. Run the engine for about 20 seconds to lower the pressure in both the high or low pressurelines. The engine may shut off within the 20 second period. If not, turn the engine off.
6. Proceed with the service or repair. Use rags to cover opening and catch spills when opening up the high pressure system.
7. Reinstall / re-connect all components in reverse order of removal. Start engine and confirm proper operation, and make sure there are no fuel leaks.
8. After completing, clear DTC(s) using GDS scan tool (the procedure described above will cause DTC to set).
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