Kia Soul: Operation - Smart Key System - Body Electrical System - Kia Soul 2014-2018 PS Service ManualKia Soul: Operation

Second generation PS (2014-2018) / Kia Soul 2014-2018 PS Service Manual / Body Electrical System / Smart Key System / Operation

Passive Functions
The system allows the user to access the vehicle without having to perform any actions (e.g. RKE button pressing) with the SMART KEY FOB. It is sufficient that a valid SMART KEY FOB is located within a defined and limited range with respect to the vehicle. So the system is capable of detecting and authenticating a SMART KEY FOB in the ranges as specified below.
Operating Range
The SMART KEY FOB receives and interprets a challenge sent from the vehicle via the exterior antennas in a free space range of min. 0.7m measured around the exterior antennas which are integrated in the door handles. The trunk access range is also min. 0.7m measured from the antenna position.
Passive Access (Passive Entry)
Pressing one of the push buttons in the door handles when all doors locked indicates the operators intent to access the vehicle and thus triggers the system for unlock
Passive Locking (Exit)
Pressing one of the push buttons in the door handles when one of the following condition is fulfilled:
All door is closed and at least one door is unlocked.
indicates the operators intent to lock the vehicle and thus triggers the system for a lock.
Passive Open Trunk
Pressing the Trunk Lid Switch when trunk is closed indicates the operators intent to open the trunk and thus triggers the system. Subsequently, the SMK ECU sends a LF-challenge to the SMART KEY FOB via the exterior bumper antenna. The SMART KEY FOB answers with a RF-response. If the received response matches the expected answer, SMK ECU sends a trunk open message via the CAN network.
Passive Trunk Warning
Whenever the trunk is closed, SMK ECU uses a suitable search strategy to avoid trunk buzzer warning by a fob inside the vehicle. Then SMK searches for a SMART KEY FOB in the interior of the trunk. If a valid SMART KEY FOB is found in the trunk, the SMK ECU activates SMK external buzzer (TBD) to inform the user that the trunk has been closed with a fob inside the trunk.
SMK will send the trunk open command to BCM for trunk reopening if trunk reopening bit is set(BK)For this functionality, a valid SMART KEY FOB means any SMART KEY FOB that belongs to the vehicle, even if its DEACTIVATED.
  
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A blind spot in the trunk similar to any RF disturbance may lead to no trunk warning. Due to the penetration of the bumper antenna into the trunk area the lid may open without an Identification Device outside.
Smart Key Reminder 1
1.
Preconditions:
All terminals OFF & at least one door open & locking status is not locked checked by SMK periodically every 100ms, as long as CAN/LIN active.
2.
Event:
At least 1 door knob status changed from unlock to lock.
3.
SMK actions:
A.
IF NO FOB-IN ACTIVE
SMK performs a search for the fobs in the interior of the vehicle. The same LF-strategy has to be used as it is defined for the ID out warning (registering only, no authentication)
B.
IF FOB-IN ACTIVE
SMK searches valid TP
If no fob or no TP has been found, no action is required.
If any valid fob or valid TP has been found, SMK unlocks the vehicle by sending a CAN Key Reminder unlock message with the fob number.
If any valid fob has been found, SMK unlocks the vehicle by sending a CAN/LIN Key Reminder unlock message with the fob number.
Smart Key Reminder 2
1.
Preconditions:
All terminals OFF & any door (including trunk) open & no FOB-IN & no locking status (checked by SMK periodically every 100ms, as long as CAN/LIN active)
2.
Vehicle action:
Closing last door or trunk with knobs locked state, or with a locking in progress
3.
SMK actions:
Before elapsing 500ms after the closing if all doors are locked then:
A.
IF NO FOB-IN ACTIVE
SMK performs a search for the fobs in the interior of the vehicle.
The same LF-strategy has to be used as it is defined for the ID out warning (registering only, no authentication)
B.
IF FOB-IN ACTIVE
SMK searches valid TP
If no fob has been found, no action is required.
If any valid fob or valid TP has been found, SMK sends unlock command via CAN and activates ext. buzzer warning.
If any valid fob has been found, SMK sends unlock command via CAN/LIN and activates ext. buzzer warning.
Smart Key Door Lock Warning
Door Lock Warning 1
1.
Preconditions:
While (at least one door knob is unlocked) & (ACC ON or IGN ON) & (No FOB-IN) :
A.
(All doors are closed) & (trunk closed)
2.
Event:
A.
User presses the push button in door handle or trunk
3.
SMK actions:
SMK performs a search for the fobs outside of the vehicle; the same LF-strategy has to be used as it is defined for "Scenario Access with I/O Distinction".
Door Lock Warning 2
1.
Preconditions:
Same as passive locking precondition but with at least one door open.
2.
Event:
User presses the door handle Push button .
3.
SMK actions:
SMK performs a search for the fobs outside of the vehicle; the same LF-strategy has to be used as it is defined for "Scenario Access with I/O Distinction".
If no fob has been found, no action is required.
If the preconditions are no longer valid during buzzer active time (3 seconds), the SMK ECU stops the buzzer immediately.
Door Lock Warning 3
1.
Preconditions:
Same as passive locking precondition
2.
User action:
A.
User presses the door handle Push button
3.
SMK ECU actions:
A.
If ATWS(Anti Theft Warning System) is in DISARM status, SMK ECU performs a search for the fob inside of the vehicle (use "Door Lock Warning 3" scenario)
If no fob has been found, the passive locking is performed.
If any valid fob has been found, SMK ECU activates the external buzzer.
If the activity timer elapsed or ACC ON or IGN1 ON or NOT All door closed or FOB-IN, the SMK ECU stops the buzzer immediately.
After searching of inside fob, SMK ECU also performs a search for fobs outside of the vehicle.
Smart Key Lamp Warning
1.
SMK actions:
As long as the preconditions are valid, the SMK ECU performs a periodical search for the fobs in the interior of the vehicle; the same LF-strategy has to be used as it is defined for the ID out warning (registering only, no authentication); periodical means, the search is done every 3 seconds.
If no fob has been found, the SMK ECU starts Key out indicator lamp activation as all preconditions are valid and will perform another search 3 seconds later.
If any valid fob has been found, the SMK ECU stops the Key out indicator lamp and will (if one door is open) perform another search 3 seconds later; if no door is open then its only at the next When the preconditions are still valid, the search resumes by opening of one door.
Failsafe Functions (Backup For Limp Home)
In case of a discharged battery of the SMART KEY FOB or disturbed transmission, the following functions are available:
Unlocking / locking of doors or trunk (or tailgate depending of the vehicle configuration): use of mechanical key
User Information Functions
ID OUT Warning
1.
Preconditions:
A.
(ACC or IGN1) & (any door open or trunk open)
2.
Event:
The last opened door is closed
3.
SMK action:
SMK searches for a SMART KEY FOB in the interior.
A.
If no valid SMART KEY FOB is found, the SMK activates external buzzer and also sends ID OUT warning via CAN (exterior buzzer warning and internal buzzer warning).
B.
If a door is opened and closed again during terminals on and inside valid fob, SMK re-enables the authentication and stops the warning. If the terminal is in ACC, SMK shall turn on immobilizer lamp.
  
If there is a LF error (LF overheating or LF antenna failure), the system will have the same behavior as it is with no fob found.
Immobilizer Lamp
Removing the PIF from the MSL and reinserting the PIF and pushing the MSL Knob will switch the lamp on again.
Fob Battery Low Voltage Detection
To detect fob low battery condition, certain battery voltage measurement and low voltage detection strategy are implemented into fob. The measurement of the battery voltage will be done if fob button is pressed or if a LF measurement command is received.
If the fob has detected a low battery voltage, the LED will not be switched on at button press.
Learning Description
In this chapter, the learning procedure for SMK, FOBs is described.
For the learning of the SMK, FOBs, it's necessary to have a connection to the diagnostic tool.
Learning MODE
Whatever the mode, the learning procedures are managed by the SMK.
Prior to start learning service, Fob-In signal must be active and the vehicle secret code (called as PIN code) should be known.
Teaching MODE
This mode is used by the dealers in order to replace SMK and/or the set of keys, or to register additional keys for an existing system. That means the system already has been learnt with certain PIN Code. The PIN Code is fixed for the life time of the vehicle, therefore the same PIN Code must be used in this mode. Otherwise learning will be failed
Teaching MODE Procedure Description (Step By Step)
Objective: Key teaching procedure at service station
Initial state:
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SMK replacement: SMK is not learnt, SMART FOB are already learnt with same PIN code
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Additional or new keys teaching: SMK is already learnt with same PIN code
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